The medical name of a golfer’s elbow is medial epicondylitis, which refers to the inflammation caused by strain on the tendons located near the medial elbow. Racket enthusiasts and people with a sudden increase in handloading may suffer from this problem.

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Golfer's elbow is an overuse pain disorder. Repeated or excessive exertion of the wrists and fingers flexor muscles are the major cause. Initially, this usually does not induce noticeable discomfort, and most tears can heal by resting. However, if the unhealed muscle and tendon are pulled excessively again, the damage will be accumulated. A vicious cycle will cause tendon degeneration, muscle weakening, and increase the chance of recurrence of inflammation in the future.



Risk Factors
  • Forceful Grasping, playing golf, the movements of racket sports will excessively pull the muscle and joints and may accumulate tears.
  • Wrist and elbow muscles weakness.
  • Works require repetitive movement of wrist and fingers, such as long duration of desk work, cleaning and gardening are prone to develop golfer's elbow.



Common Symptoms
  • Initial symptoms include local pain and tenderness on the inner side of the elbow
  • Weakness when holding something or making a firm grip
  • Abnormal forearm fatigue after continuous work
  • When the wrist or forearm is loaded, such as taking heavyweights, bending the wrist, holding something firmly, etc., the pain will be aggravated.
  • In severe cases, the pain can extend from the inner side of the elbow to the forearm, with stiffness over the patient's wrist. 




Combining both medication and physiotherapy, most inflammation can be resolved within weeks. Stretching of the muscles near the elbow and loosening soft tissues can effectively relax the inflamed and tight tissues. Laser, ultrasound, and acupuncture can help reduce pain and control inflammation.


Using tape for the elbow can facilitate the return-to-sport process and reduce injuries in unavoidable actions.


Although steroid injection reduces pain quickly, it is not recommended to be used in the early stage of inflammation because it has negative effects such as early tendon degeneration.

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Preventive Measures

It is not difficult to subside inflammation, but improving daily habits or exercise skills is the cure. For example, switch to an ergonomic keyboard, arrange a break or reduce the number of repetitive flexion of the wrist, and improve the batting technique. In addition, after the tendon is inflamed, its load-bearing capacity is greatly reduced. It is necessary to gradually train the strength of the wrist flexor muscles in order to reduce the chance of recurrence.





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